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A bird’s eye view on how a little enrichment can go a long way

The 3Rs – Replacement, Refinement and Reduction – are a widely accepted ethical framework for conducting scientific experiments using animals humanely, and have become a focus for academic funding in recent years. As a result, there have been thorough housing and management guidelines for keeping different animal species for research purposes published and enforced by the UK Home Office. However, surprisingly few species-specific guidelines for housing birds have made it into scientific policy or legislation, although, at least in the EU, they make up approximately 25% of animals used in research and over 100,000 procedures are carried out on birds every year under the UK Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. …

Zoe Demery 2012